The Last English Prince vents her spleen with members of Infidel Bloggers Alliance.
Recently, this post made an appearance minus the disclaimers now noted at the top.
The “last will and testament” was a copy and paste from the Twitter feed of a woman who runs a police blotter against Islam.
Fine with me. But get the facts right. She claims Surah 9 is “Mohammed’s Last Will and Testament.”
Far from it. So let’s put some scaffolding in place.
At-Taubah (Repentance): Surah 9
Curious fact: It is the only Surah that does not begin with Bismillah.
Surah 9 engulfs the readers in the events which surrounded its creation – the preparation and movement of an Islamic army against the town of Tabuk. This was one of the major expeditions of Muhammad, unlike the smaller skirmishes of Islamic history.
Revealed in A.H. 9, this date is far removed from the actual historical date of the death of Prophet Muhammad.
Ayat 1-72 came into being as preparations were being mounted for the attack. Whilst Tabuk was the primary target a flanking target was Christians living on the outskirts of the Roman Empire.
Ayat 72-129 are “after action debriefing” or for the civilian lexicon, a “lessons learned” scenario.
Primary source literature by Islamic scholars provide the nuanced details of the battle of Tabuk. One of my favorite sources is Zad-al-Ma’ad.
This battle is epic in sentimentality because of the concept of Jaish-al-Usrah, or a distressed army. Hotter than hell, individuals going AWOL, begging leave, and a promise of Hell for those who did not carry on. (9:50).
During this journey, it is all about the third stage of jihad: aggressive action against an enemy.
Within the Qur’an there are a handful of Surah that are known as couplets. (source: mentorship under Dr. Yusuf Ziya Kavakci – legal Mufti)
At-Taubah can be coupled with the victory pronouncement given in Surah An-Nasr.
It is a declarative statement of what happens when a battle is won. Droves enter the fold of Islam, Allah is a god of conquest, and…. life is good!
An Nasr can be a rallying cry today: Jihad in the path of Allah. This is what happened at Tabuk.
The final sermon of Muhammad was many years later, and the conceptual arches were quite different than what is expressed in Surah 9.